Johann sebastian bach the welltempered clavier, book 1, bwv 846869. Bach gave the present title to the work, which was composed for the use and practice of musical youth eager to learn and for the amusement of those already skilled in this study. Welltempered clavier, book 1, bwv846869 various arrangements play streams in full or download mp3 from classical archives, the largest and best organized classical music site on the web. Barenboim, daniel well tempered clavier book 1 amazon. Id buy book 2, learn these, and then go back to book 1.
By building a major and minor diatonic 7 tones scale from each of the 12 semitones, we arrive at 24 keys, the complete circle of fifths, and the number of preludefugue pairs in each book of the welltempered clavier. The well tempered clavier flashcards and study sets quizlet. Thats 10 years of analysis and preparation recorded meticulously on the music of every prelude and fugue. The welltempered clavier, bwv 846893, is a collection of two sets of preludes and fugues in all 24 major and minor keys, composed for solo keyboard by johann sebastian bach. Book 11722, book 21724 significance of title well tempered. S welltempered clavier the, book 1 landowska 19491951 wanda landowska, who continued to perform and record up to her death in 1959, was renowned as the greatest harpsichordist of the first half of the twentieth century, resurrecting the instrument and taking a scholarly approach to the performance of music from the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. Though the welltempered clavier hereafter wtc was not published. Learn the well tempered clavier with free interactive flashcards. The two volumes of bachs the welltempered clavier together represent a wealth of musical invention, ingenuity and delight. Ranking of difficulty of well tempered clavier preludes. Please feel free to comment on any notation engraving error complete. For book 2, to view originals is a more complex exercise, given the lack of the one authoritative original from js bachs hand and the fragmentation of historical copies see the work of yo tomita for more info on this. Glenn gould 1932 1982 bach the welltempered clavier.
Weve begun with the well tempered clavier the prelude and fugue in cminor from book 1. Prelude in c minor, bwv 847 the welltempered clavier, book i. Bach composed a paired prelude and fugue in each of the 24 keys to demonstrate the viability of the new equal. Print and download in pdf or midi the open well tempered clavier.
Preludes and fugues the welltempered clavier, by j. S welltempered clavier the, book 2 by jeno jando on amazon. The welltempered clavier book 1 by johann sebastian bach. Complete score of the welltempered clavier, book 1, by johann sebastian bach open welltempered clavier project. This website is incredibly resourceful, and one can especially check the 1722 original of the welltempered clavier book 1. The welltempered clavier, book i 1722 complete recording by breemer, c. Js bach, the welltempered clavier book 1, detailed. From all the works written in the baroque era, no other work has been so wellcherished, frequently performed and. Perhaps most importantly, jandos renderings of the fugues are very lucid. Which book of bachs well tempered clavier is easier. Horszowski makes this a piece of exquisite, evocative music. Even book 2 itself of the well tempered clavier includes dynamic markings, but in any case, im not here solely to defend the performance of bach on a piano that is made to sound like a harpsichord.
Theres even one by yours truly of a 36cd brilliant classics collection containing the complete scarlatti keyboard sonatas. Archivdg recently reissued ralph kirkpatricks performances of bachs well tempered clavier book 1 which were recorded in 1959 on the clavichord. In the welltempered clavier, a few major facts were established. But, in fact, theyre not and the simple reason for it is that richters performances sound like they were taped in a drafty castle in austria using a. The welltempered clavier, bwv 846893, collection of 48 preludes and fugues by johann sebastian bach, published in two books 1722 and 1742. The welltempered clavier, complete book 1 by johann. With its magnificent and magisterial performances by sviatoslav richter, one would have imagined that this 1970 recording of the first book of bachs welltempered clavier would be on the shelf of everyone who reveres richter and worships bach. It was the ultimate workbook, open to constant change and refining by bach himself. Licensed to youtube by sme on behalf of sony classical. Free sheet music for the complete 48 preludes and fugues of the well tempered clavier by j. Such thoughts perhaps passed through bachs mind too when surveying his own keyboard output, and the profound differences in sensibility that distinguish the second volume of the. Prelude and fugue in c minor and well tempered clavier. In bachs time clavier was a generic name indicating a variety of keyboard instruments, most typically a harpsichord or clavichord but not excluding an organ either the modern german spelling for the collection is. I know there have been discussions of ranking the difficulty of the well tempered clavier for example, bartok, but it is my understanding that those take into account the fugues as well.
S welltempered clavier the, book 2 by jeno jando on. Choose from 33 different sets of the well tempered clavier flashcards on quizlet. Book 1 contains the more popular preludes and fugues. The welltempered clavier, book 1 bwv 846869 the welltempered clavier 1 is a collection of educational pieces with exceptionally high artistic contents.
This fugue has a subject that uses exactly 24 eighth note pules to reach, in its compass, all 12 semitones. Piano, pianokeyboard sheet music book by johann sebastian bach 16851750. Highquality scan of kimiko ishizakas markings fingerings, phrasing, analysis for the entire welltempered clavier book 1. Welltempered clavier, book 2 by johann sebastian bach audio cd. In jill crosslands own words, no other music is so perfect an integration of emotional. Johann sebastian bach the welltempered clavier, book 1, bwv 846 869. Books i and ii pieterjan belder hpd period instruments brilliant 93892 4 cds.
Barenboims bach has a refreshing old world quality, reflecting his rounded tone, moderate tempos, and emphasis on harmonic tension. I would appreciate any info on ranking of the difficulty of the preludes in the well tempered clavier. Explaining the importance of the welltempered clavier, alexandre prokoudine writes over at libre graphics world. The preludes and fugues that make up bachs welltempered clavier operate on multiple levels at once theyre a compilation of. In thomas manns novel lotte in weimar an old goethe muses on the achievements of his youth and of his maturity the former the work of genius, the latter the work of greatness. It explores the intricacies of each of the 12 major and 12 minor keys and constitutes the largestscale and mostinfluential undertaking for. The implications of bachs introduction of new fugal techniques and procedures in the welltempered clavier book two, understanding bach xi, 2011, whereby of course in this case the effect is the result of the stretto of a subject that has a sequential form, rather than an actual double entry. Again, however, i never perceived how well the 24 function as a whole. Completed by 1742, book 2 was intended as a complement to book 1, not as a replacement. The welltempered clavier confirms a multitude of popular theories in an episode marked by bleak revelations and tragic results. Among classical music connoisseurs, the welltempered clavier book 1 wtc, or the 48 for short is widely regarded as one of the most influential works by j.1275 996 1531 1483 1061 1270 1192 1059 1494 947 1444 117 367 665 1238 1371 1122 335 1528 1263 635 902 105 234 1511 757 1064 865 25 1245 1565 1068 1496 50 1140 532 1067 88 1422 947 1018 1377